Cannabis Security Site Design


Guide To Cannabis Security Site Design 

In the rapidly expanding cannabis industry, security is paramount. As the demand for cannabis products continues to grow, so does the need for robust security measures to protect both businesses and consumers. Designing a secure cannabis facility is not just about compliance; it’s about creating an environment that ensures safety, deters potential threats, and fosters trust. In this blog post, we will explore essential elements for designing a cannabis security site that goes beyond mere compliance to establish a fortress of protection.

Importance Of Video Surveillance Systems

Each operations area and storage area must be monitored at all times by cameras to keep the premises safe.

The best cannabis surveillance systems should be able to:

  • Provide high resolution – The higher the resolution, the better your chance of identifying a threat. 4K resolution is the highest. Although you could get by with a 1080p Full HD camera, there is a risk that the camera won’t pick up some small details (license plates, faces, etc.) from a distance.
  • Function well, day or night – Make sure the long-range infrared night vision on your security cameras works well. By doing this, you can be confident that your cameras can capture images in dim or no light.
  • Weatherproof and vandal-resistant – Installing security cameras in your dispensary with a weatherproof rating and vandal-proof housing is a must to make sure nothing interrupts your surveillance.

Camera Placement Strategy

When implementing video surveillance, it’s vital to position and calibrate cameras meticulously to capture clear footage without violating the privacy of employees or customers. Equally important is the secure storage of footage with limited retention, ensuring privacy protection and preventing unauthorized access.

Strategic camera placement is another critical factor. Installation in key locations such as entrances, exits, sales areas, and spaces related to the cultivation, storage, or handling of marijuana is imperative. This holistic surveillance approach contributes to robust security, promoting the safety and compliance of cannabis businesses across the country.

Restricted Areas

The licensee is responsible for ensuring that Limited-Access areas and all entry and exit points to the Business Premises are outfitted with commercial-grade, non-residential door locks as specified in the approved security plan.

Who Can Have Access to Limited-Access Areas?

A Licensee is exclusively allowed to grant access to authorized individuals who are at least 21 years old to enter the Limited-Access Areas. These authorized individuals encompass the Licensee’s employees, external vendors, contractors, or any individuals involved in business activities requiring access to the Limited-Access Area. Should a non-employee enter a Limited-Access Area, they must be accompanied by an employee of the Licensee at all times during their presence in this area. Furthermore, a detailed log must be kept to record instances of non-employee access to Limited-Access Areas. This log is to be made available to authorities upon request.

Access Control Placement 

Implementing access control measures, such as key card readers, to regulate entry to specific areas while permitting authorized personnel access is highly recommended. Introducing physical barriers like fences and gates adds an extra layer of security.

Moreover, the significance of advanced mobile devices in access control should not be underestimated. These sophisticated tools contribute to a comprehensive security framework, enhancing overall protection.

Access control systems based on mobile devices utilize smartphones, tablets, or similar handheld devices as keys, offering a seamless and secure methods for managing access rights for both employees and visitors. By replacing traditional keys or card readers, they mitigate the risk of unauthorized access resulting from lost or stolen physical keys.

Furthermore, these systems facilitate real-time tracking and centralized control of access rights, allowing immediate response in case of security breaches. Additionally, they can integrate seamlessly with other security solutions such as surveillance cameras and alarms, establishing a comprehensive security network for cannabis businesses.

Alarm Systems

Alarm systems play a vital role in bolstering the safety and security of cannabis establishments. Given the high value of the products and the cash-intensive nature of the industry, these businesses are particularly vulnerable to theft and break-ins. Installing an advanced alarm system is not only a crucial measure for mitigating these risks but is also a mandatory requirement in states like Arizona.

Various types of alarm systems are available, including:

  • Glass break detectors – These can be acoustic or shock detectors. Acoustic detectors pick up the high frequency of breaking glass and can be placed within approximately 20 feet of glass windows or doors. Shock detectors detect the vibrations caused by breaking glass and need to be affixed directly to the glass they are monitoring
  • Motion detectors – These alarms monitor the heat or energy emitted when an individual moves within the device’s range, promptly alerting you to unauthorized movement within your dispensary.
  • Panic buttons – Integrating a panic button into your security system is a valuable addition, signalling an ongoing incident to law enforcement. The button can be either remote or hard-wired within your shop.


Designing a secure cannabis facility requires a holistic approach that combines regulatory compliance with advanced security technologies. By considering every aspect of the site’s layout, implementing cutting-edge surveillance and access control systems, and fostering a culture of security among personnel, cannabis businesses can create a fortress that not only meets regulatory requirements but also sets a standard for excellence in the industry. As the cannabis landscape continues to evolve, so too must our commitment to creating secure environments that safeguard both the industry’s growth and the well-being of all stakeholders involved.

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